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Title: Rhus coriaria L. (Sumac), a versatile and resourceful food spice with cornucopia of polyphenols.
Authors: Batiha, Gaber El-Saber.
Ogunyemi, Oludare Michael.
Shaheen, Hazem Mohammed.
Kutu, Funso Raphael.
Olaiya, Charles Openiyi.
Sabatier, Jean-Marc.
De Waard, Michel.
Damanhour University
Salem University
University of Ibadan
School of Agricultural Sciences
University of Ibadan
Aix-Marseille Université
Rue des Platanes
Keywords: Sumac.;Spice.;Nutraceuticals.;Polyphenols.;Antioxidants.;Diabetes.;Additives.
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: In recent years, utilization of Rhus coriaria L. (sumac) is upgrading not only in their culinary use and human nutrition, but also in the pharmaceutical industry, food industry and veterinary practices. This is driven by accumulating evidence that support the ethnobotanical use of this plant; in particular, advanced knowledge of the content of nutritional, medicinal and techno-functional bioactive ingredients. Herein, we discuss polyphenolic compounds as the main bioactive ingredients in Rhus coriaria L., which contribute mainly to the significance and utility of this spice. Most of the antioxidant potential and therapeutic roles of sumac are increasingly attributed to its constituent tannins, flavonoids, and phenolic acids. Hydroxyphenyl pyranoanthocyanins and other anthocynins are responsible for the highly desired red pigments accounting for the strong pigmentation capacity and colorant ability of sumac. Certain polyphenols and the essential oil components are responsible for the peculiar flavor and antimicrobial activity of sumac. Tannin-rich sumac extracts and isolates are known to enhance the food quality and the oxidative stability of animal products such as meat and milk. In conclusion, polyphenol-rich sumac extracts and its bioactive ingredients could be exploited towards developing novel food products which do not only address the current consumers’ interests regarding organoleptic and nutritional value of food, but also meet the growing need for ‘clean label’ as well as value addition with respect to antioxidant capacity, disease prevention, and health promotion in humans.
DOI: 10.3390/molecules27165179
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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