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Title: Pesticides drive differential leaf litter decomposition and mosquito colonisation dynamics in lentic conditions.
Authors: Mutshekwa, Thendo.
Mugwedi, Lutendo.
Wasserman, Ryan John.
Cuthbert, Ross N.
Dondofema, Farai.
University of Venda
University of Venda
Rhodes University
South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
University of Venda
School of Biology and Environmental Sciences
Keywords: Mosquito larvae.;Organophosphate.;Pyrethroid.;Neonicotinoid.;Allochthonous inputs.;Macadamia.
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Global contamination of freshwater ecosystems by chemical compounds, such as pesticides, may exert high pressure on biologically-driven organic matter decomposition. These pollutants may also impair the quality of organic sub strates for colonising invertebrates and reduce primary productivity by decreasing the abundance of phytoplankton. In southern Africa, increasing pesticide usage associated with macadamia plantations, in particular, presents a growing risk to freshwater ecosystems. Here, we examined macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia) leaf litter decomposition fol lowing exposure to three pesticides (i.e., Karate Zeon 10 CS (lambda-cyhalothrin), Mulan 20 AS (acetamiprid), Pyrinex 250 CS (chlorpyrifos)) used commonly in macadamia plantations, via an ex-situ microcosm approach. We examined mosquito colonisation of these microcosms as semi-aquatic macroinvertebrates which form a significant component of aquatic communities within standing waters. Macadamia leaf litter tended to decompose faster when exposed to Karate and Pyrinex pesticide treatments. Additionally, chlorophyll-a, conductivity, total dissolved solids, and pH dif fered among pesticide treatments and controls, with pesticides (Karate Zeon and Mulan) tending to reduce chlorophyll-a concentrations. Overall, pesticide treatments promoted mosquito (i.e., Culex spp.) and pupal abun dances. In terms of dominant aquatic mosquito group abundances (i.e., Anopheles spp., Culex spp.), the effect of pesti cides differed significantly among pesticide types, with Pyrinex and Mulan treatments having higher mosquitoabundances in comparison to Karate Zeon and pesticide-free treatments. These findings collectively demonstrate that common pesticides used in the macadamia plantation may exert pressure on adjacent freshwater communities by shaping leaf-litter decomposition, semi-aquatic macroinvertebrate colonisation dynamics, and chlorophyll-a.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.156320
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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