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Title: Macroinvertebrate diversity in relation to limnochemistry in an Austral semi–arid transboundary aquifer region pan system.
Authors: Masina, Fannie Mfaniseni.
Wasserman, Ryan John.
Wu, Naicheng.
Mungenge, Chipo P.
Keates, Chad.
Shikwambana, Purvance.
University of Mpumalanga
Rhodes University
Ningbo University
Rhodes University
University of Venda
South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
University of Mpumalanga
University of Mpumalanga
Keywords: Human activities.;Temporary pans.;Macroinvertebrates.;Water quality.;Khakhea–Bray.;Pan wetlands.
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Pan–wetland systems are one of the world's essential and productive ecosystems and are considered important, unique and complex ecosystems. Anthropogenic activities around the temporary pans in the Khakhea Bray Transboundary Aquifer region are increasingly becoming a big issue of concern as this may affect pan biodiversity. The study specifically aimed to investigate spatial and temporal distributions of metal and nutrient concentrations within the pans in relation to land use, identify potential pollution sources in this water–scarce region, and assess macroinvertebrate diversity and distribution in relation to pan immunochemistry using a combination of multivariate analyses from 10 pans across three seasons. Environmental and anthropogenic variables influence water quality and the distribution of metals concentration in Khakhea–Bray pan systems. Anthropogenic activities such as animal grazing, infrastructure degradation, water withdrawal and littering have resulted in poor water quality within temporary pans, which may strongly influence macroinvertebrate diversity and distribution. Forty–one macroinvertebrate species from 5 insect orders (i.e., Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Odonata, Ephemeroptera, Diptera), Crustacea and Mollusca were identified. Significant differences were observed across the seasons for macroinvertebrate taxa, with high and low species richness being observed in autumn and winter, respectively. Water (i.e., temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity, conductivity), physical (i.e., stone composition) and sediment (i.e., sulphur, sodium) parameters were found to have a significant impact on the macroinvertebrate communities. Therefore, understanding the relationships between macroinvertebrates and their environment is crucial in understanding how the ecosystem taxa are structured and is vital for informing conservation managers on how to properly manage and protect these systems from further degradation.
Description: Published version.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163161
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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